首页 > 脚本语言 > shell > Shell 实现 Linux 守护进程(Daemon)
2017
12-28

Shell 实现 Linux 守护进程(Daemon)

shell实现守护进程

作者:罗然
链接:https://www.zhihu.com/question/20356184/answer/75935631
来源:知乎
著作权归作者所有。商业转载请联系作者获得授权,非商业转载请注明出处。

#!/bin/bash
# 直接上代码吧
# watchdog.sh

#定义映射表 k=进程号 v=作业
declare -A mapper
#进程号文件
conf=dog.pid


function debug
{
    echo $@
}

#param pid 进程号 
#使用ps命令查询该进程是否存在,如果不存在返回"gone",否则返回"stay"

function watch
{
    local pid=$1
    local index=`ps -ef|awk '{print $2}'|grep -P "^${pid}$"`
    if [ "${index}None" = "None" ]; then
        echo gone
        return
    fi
    echo stay
}

#每过5秒钟检查一遍所有的进程,调用上面的watch

function dogit
{
    while [ 1 ]
    do
        sleep 5
        for pid in ${!mapper[@]}
        do
            debug pid:$pid
            local t=`watch $pid`
            debug "test result is $t!!!"
            if [ "$t" = "gone" ]; then
                debug "$c with pid $pid was gone"
                loadscript ${mapper[$pid]}
                unset mapper[$pid]
                sed -i "/$pid/d" $conf
            fi
        done
    done
}

#从作业文件加载需要守护的作业命令

function loadscript
{
    local script=$@
    debug script=$script
    $script > /dev/null &
    local pid=$!
    mapper[$pid]=$script
    echo $pid >> $conf
}

function clean
{
    if [ -f $conf ]; then
        while read line; do
            if [ -n "$line" ]; then
                pid=`ps -ef|awk '{print $2}'|grep $line|grep -v 'grep'`
                if [ -n "${pid}" ]; then
                    debug killing $pid
                    kill $pid
                fi
            fi
        done < $conf
    fi
    echo > $conf
    debug done!
}

function main
{
    clean
    local file=$1
    if [ -f $file ]; then
        while read line
        do
            loadscript $line
        done < $file
        dogit
    else
        echo "Not a file!"
    fi
}

main $1;

如何使用?建立一个文件里面是你需要守护的进程执行语句比如bone.txt 内容如下

python /home/rowland/pyspace/myweb.py -p 8800
python /home/rowland/pyspace/myweb.py -p 8801
python /home/rowland/pyspace/myweb.py -p 8802

然后

./watchdog bone.txt
最后编辑:
作者:admin

留下一个回复